Applications of physiological ecology to forest management by J. J. Landsberg

By J. J. Landsberg

Woodland administration is a fancy method that now comprises details got from many assets. it's more and more visible that the physiological prestige of the bushes in a wooded area has a dramatic influence at the most likely good fortune of any specific administration technique. certainly, types defined during this e-book that take care of wooded area productiveness and sustainability require physiological details. this knowledge can only Read more...

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Except for stands of Populus, it is also unusual to find pure stands of one species. The forests are being further altered by exchange of species, extirpation of species, and pathogen outbreaks. Collectively, all these factors have greatly altered the nature of temperate deciduous forests, especially in Europe. M a n a g e m e n t may range from periodic selective tree removal to the most intensive form of forest m a n a g e m e n t - short-rotation plantations for fiber or fuel production. Depending on the species, life history, and ecophysiology, both even-aged and uneven-aged m a n a g e m e n t practices can be successful.

Analysis of the effects of these factors m u s t be in terms of the biophysical processes involved. This c h a p t e r provides an outline of the biophysical principles that we n e e d for u n d e r s t a n d i n g the way the atmospheric e n v i r o n m e n t acts on, and interacts with, forest canopies. The most i m p o r t a n t c o m p o n e n t of the c a n o p y is the foliage. Leaves are the organs that i n t e r c e p t radiation a n d convert it to carbohydrates by the process of photosynthesis.

Severe weather in the t e m p e r a t e m i x e d forest regions may take the form of d r o u g h t or, in the s o u t h e r n United States, t o r n a d o e s (highly localized, high-energy rotating winds, which may flatten small areas of forest), or occasional larger-scale d a m a g e from h u r r i c a n e s that penetrate f u r t h e r n o r t h than usual. In the "old world" of E u r o p e and the Mediterr a n e a n region, most of the forests have long since been destroyed by man. The climate at H o b a r t , Tasmania, Australia (Fig.

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