A Semite: A Memoir of Algeria by Judith Butler, Denis Guenoun, Ann Smock, William Smock

By Judith Butler, Denis Guenoun, Ann Smock, William Smock

Denis Guénoun's father was once an Algerian Jew who inherited French citizenship and respected the foundations of the French Revolution. He taught technology in a French lycée in Oran and belonged to the French Communist occasion. He infrequently fought on a successful part, yet his trust within the universal pursuits of Arabs and Jews, Europe and a liberated North Africa, name out to us from the ruins.

In global warfare II, he used to be drafted to protect Vichy France's colonies within the center East. while, Vichy barred him and his spouse from instructing college simply because they have been Jewish. whilst the British conquered Syria he was once despatched domestic to Oran. In 1943, after the Allies captured Algeria, he joined the unfastened French military and fought in Europe. After the conflict, either mom and dad went again to instructing, doing their top to reconcile militant unionism and clandestine social gathering task with the calls for of training and kin. The Guénouns had no interest in Israel. They thought of themselves at domestic in Algeria. From 1958 onward, Guénoun supported Algerian independence, outraging his French associates. Expelled from Algeria via the French paramilitary corporation Armée Secrète, he spent his final years in Marseille.

This ebook movingly recreates the efforts of a grown-up son, Denis Guénoun, to appreciate what occurred in his youth. Gracefully weaving jointly younger stories with examine into his father's lifestyles and instances, this memoir confounds the differences — ethnic, nationwide, and political — that would differently clarify or justify clash. Who belongs the place? who's one's typical enemy? noticeably adversarial to any kind of racism, Guénoun's father believed Jews and Arabs have been certain via an real fraternity and will merely observe a loose destiny jointly. He known as himself a Semite, a note that united Jewish and Arab worlds and most sensible mirrored a shared beginning.

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Die Mehrheit der Sozialwissenschaftler, die sich der Scientology widmeten, hat den Religionscharakter der Scientology bejaht. Diese Einstufung entscheidet freilich nicht, ob es sich um eine „gute“ oder eine „schlechte Religion“ handele. Einige Wissenschaftler sehen in der Scientology eine transnationale Organisation, bei der Religion neben wirtschaftlichen und politischen Aspekten und pseudopsychiatrischen und pseudomedizinischen Praktiken eine untergeordnete Rolle spielt (Kent 1997). Die deutsche Sonderstellung im Verhältnis von Staat und Religion hat international gelegentlich zu starken Missdeutungen geführt.

H. Odegard (1928: 266) hat in seiner bahnbrechenden Studie über die „Anti-Saloon League“ geschildert, wie sich die Lobbys, welche die materiellen Interessen der Brauereien und Schnapsbrennereien gegen die zum Teil religiös inspirierte Prohibitionsbewegung organisierten, mit „sweet sounding names“ tarnten, wie „Civil Liberty League“, „Liberty League“ etc. Hinter manchen dieser idealistischen Beschönigungen verbargen sich handfeste materielle Interessen. Durch Tarnung versuchten sie, den ideologischen Vorteil, den eine „promotional group“ wie die „Anti-Saloon League“ hatte, nicht einseitig ihren Gegnern zu überlassen.

2 Religionsgemeinschaften als Interessengruppen Die Wiederbelebung der Religionssoziologie wurde von einigen Kritikern wie Thomas Luckmann (1991: 53f) durch die Interessen religiöser Organisationen bestimmt und wurde so zu einer „angewandten Wissenschaft“. Glaubensfragen wurden als „unwissenschaftlich“ ausgeklammert. Kirche und Religion wurden allzu leichtfertig gleichgesetzt. Es herrschte zudem ein „laienhafter Gebrauch von Techniken der Meinungsforschung“. 2 Religionsgemeinschaften als Interessengruppen 37 Kirchen vertreten im politischen Raum nicht nur organisatorische Interessen sondern zunehmend auch gesellschaftspolitische Anliegen.

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