By T. C. Smout
The 1st sleek background of Scottish woodlands, this hugely illustrated quantity explores the altering dating among timber and folks from the time of Scotland's first payment, targeting the interval 1500 to 1920. Drawing on paintings in common technology, geography and historical past, in addition to at the authors' personal examine, it offers an obtainable and readable account that balances social, monetary and environmental elements. establishing chapters describe the early historical past of the woodlands. The booklet is then divided into chapters that ponder conventional makes use of and administration, the effect of outsiders at the pine woods and the oakwoods within the first part of exploitation, and the impact of industrialization. Separate chapters are dedicated to case stories of administration at Strathcarron, Glenorchy, Rothiemurchus, and on Skye. (10/1/05)
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Additional resources for A History of the Native Woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920
38 No doubt throughout the first millennium ad, however, woodland would normally have ebbed and flowed depending on local circumstances, wars, plagues and other demographic events of which we know little. Certainly over the period local populations and incomers alike continued to use it as though it was an abundant resource. At Buiston in Ayrshire, for instance, excavation of a crannog dating from the sixth to seventh century showed it to consist of a roundhouse made of wattle walling with posts of alder and hazel and a floor of alder planks, all on a strong framework of oak and surrounded by an impressive palisade.
At about 2400 bc there was a dramatic collapse, not only in the newly occupied areas but throughout the Highlands. 25 Where pine declined, it was mostly replaced by blanket peat. In this case climatic change is the favoured explanation, particularly much heavier rainfalls and stronger winds as global atmospheric circulation patterns shifted. On the other hand it was also the period when, in the early Bronze Age, agricultural and technological change may have facilitated woodland clearance, and it is possible that removal of some of the cover increased the physical impact of precipitation on the soil.
Royal Scottish Geographical Society, The Early Maps of Scotland (edn Edinburgh, 1973), pp. 6, 20; H. M. Steven and A. Carlisle, The Native Pinewoods of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1959), p. 48. D. J. Breeze, ‘The great myth of Caledon’, Scottish Forestry, 46 (1992), pp. 331–5. 20 10716 EUP Native 31/7/07 9:29 am Page 21 Phil's G4 Phil's G4:Users:phil:Public: PHIL'S JOBS:10 E XTENT AND CHARACTER OF THE WOODS BEFORE 1500 (a) (b) Fig. 1 The Wood of Caledon from Ptolemy’s description: (a) Waldseemüller’s version, 1513 (b) Blaeu’s version, 1654.