A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved by Thomas Rowland

By Thomas Rowland

Excerpt from A Grammar of the Welsh Language in keeping with the main licensed structures: With Copious Examples From the most right Welsh Writers

This Essay, independently of its intrinsic worthy, benefits nice compliment, as being the 1st ordinary try and clarify the foundations of Welsh Syntax. In giving definitions of issues belonging to common Grammar, and in showing correspondence of idiom among the Welsh and the Latin and Greek languages, a lot aid used to be additionally derived from Zumpt, Key, Arnold, Matthiæ, and Kühner.

All will permit Welsh Grammar, greater to any of these which have been hitherto released, is especially a lot wanted; yet no matter if the current paintings surpasses its predecessors, has to be made up our minds by means of the reader. it will likely be noticeable, there's no doubt, that many deficiencies exist during this creation, and that its shortcomings are a number of. although, should still a moment version be known as for, it truly is was hoping that those deficiencies will be amended, errors rectified, and lots of observations extra that have now been passed over, owing in part to need of time, and in part to wish of data. And with this view it'd be deemed a kindness if Welsh critics could, both publicly or privately, favour me with tricks, emendations, and comments, in order that i could be enabled to ship forth a moment version extra systematic, extra ideal, and extra complete.

It is my accountability to nation that i'm less than very nice duties to the Rev. Thomas Briscoe, B. D., Vice-Principal and show of Jesus collage, Oxford, for the sort assistance he has rendered me, either in having a look over the paintings earlier than it used to be despatched to the Printer, and in correcting the proof-sheets whereas passing during the press. have been it no longer for him, and the Rev. William Briscoe, M. A., Fellow of Jesus university, it's uncertain even if the publication could ever were released: and if the reader derives any enjoy the Grammar, he, doubtless, will sign up for me in acknowledging our gratitude to those Gentlemen.

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Additional resources for A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers

Sample text

Sing, must be pronounced ca-nu, not can-u: in a vowel, Thus, canu, to cam, to love, cà-ru, not car-u : glanach, cleaner, glà-nach, not glan-ach. 67. Penults are short, monosyllabic forms. (a) they are short in their simple, if Cànu, to bleach, fr. can. Brônau, breasts, LI and s are always short in penults, although 11 s is loiiff, in monosyllables. Hull : hòllol, entire. Bs : fr. is bròn. uncei-tain, and bsedd, fingers. Long monosyllables become half long in penults, a syllable beginning with a voivel is added.

TM, father. Mam, Taid, N. w. Tad Tad cu, da, Tarw, (a) Älilgi, gu, y grandmother. dda, Buwch, cow. Powis J bull. of the above are distinguished in the a greyhound. JBy adding the termination es to Arglwyddes, lady. Mynaches, nun. Dynes, woman. Brenhines, queen. Tywysoges, j^rincess. Brenin, king. -prince. In a few instances the fem. number of the masculine. (a) is formed by adding By changing the termination Asyn, yn Clobyn into en. Asen, she-ass. Hogen, young lad. Coegyn, saucy felloio. Merlyn, 2}ony.

Fem. Cernod, a blow on the cheek, fr. , side of the head. Palfod, a blow with the palm of the hand, fr. palf, f, palm, (a) "When it implies a verbal noun (= ad or iad) it is mas. Darllenawd, a reading. Gyrawd, a driving. 146. Ai, denoting animate objects, is generally of common gender. Telynai, n. c, harpist. {a) Magai, n. c, one who rears. When barometer. implying a thing or instrument, Exc. , churn. it is mas. Awyrbwysai, 147. Proper names of objects are of the same gender as the common nouns which denote the same objects.

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