A Cubic Mile of Oil: Realities and Options for Averting the by Hewitt Crane, Edwin Kinderman, Ripudaman Malhotra

By Hewitt Crane, Edwin Kinderman, Ripudaman Malhotra

One cubic mile of oil (CMO) corresponds very heavily to the world's present overall annual intake of crude oil. The world's overall annual strength intake - from all power resources- is at present 3.0 CMO. by means of the center of this century the area will want among 6 and nine CMO of power in line with yr to supply for its electorate. sufficient strength is required get rid of the scourge of poverty and supply nutrition, garments, and safeguard for the folks world wide, and extra may be wanted for measures to mitigate the capability results of weather swap resembling development dikes and desalinating water.

A Cubic Mile of Oil describes a few of the strength resources and the way we use them, initiatives their destiny contributions, and delineates what it's going to take to boost them to every year produce a CMO from every one of them. The requirement for added strength sooner or later is so daunting that we'll have to use all assets. We additionally research how better potency and conservation measures can lessen destiny call for considerably, and aid distinguish ways that make an important effect in preference to in simple terms making us consider good.

Use of CMO removes a large number of devices like lots of coal, gallons of oil, and cubic ft of fuel; obviates the necessity for mind-numbing multipliers comparable to billions, trillions, and quadrillions; and replaces them with an easy-to-understand volumetric unit. It inspires a visceral reaction and permits specialists, coverage makers and most of the people alike to shape a psychological photograph of the value of the problem we are facing. within the absence of an appreciation of the dimensions of the matter, we threat squandering efforts and assets in pursuing strategies that won't meet tomorrow's worldwide power wishes. We needs to make severe offerings, and a typical comprehensible language is key for a sustained significant conversation.

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Extra info for A Cubic Mile of Oil: Realities and Options for Averting the Looming Global Energy Crisis

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About 2,000 years ago the world’s population was about 250 million and was probably using energy at an average rate that was only 20% greater than the per capita use in the Fertile Crescent 5,000 years earlier. 027 CMO/yr. Perhaps one-third of that energy use took the form of food for domesticated animals. Toward the end of the Middle Ages in the 1400s, people in Northwestern Europe were devoting larger amounts of energy use to feeding animals, using considerably more energy in households, and expending measurable amounts of energy on industry and transportation.

There is also a critical role for government. Many of the products and solutions probably do not have ready access to the energy market, and in some instances those markets may not even exist today. By exercising certain policies, governments can create those markets. Another important role for the government is setting a level of tax on the different sources of energy that is most appropriate for its circumstance. Keeping fuel prices low may help the local economy, but it could also lead to wasteful practices.

The Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries substantially increased energy use and, concomitantly, the standard of living, as reflected in parameters such as life expectancy, infant mortality, food intake, mobility, and gross domestic productivity, as well as simple creature comforts that many of us take for granted. The Industrial Revolution to the Present Up until the Industrial Revolution, per capita energy use was about the same throughout all regions of Earth and, as indicated above, chiefly consisted of energy used directly as food for humans and animals.

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