A Cognitive-Functional Approach to Nominalization in English by Liesbet Heyvaert

By Liesbet Heyvaert

The most goal of the booklet is to offer a scientific account of the constructional mechanisms that underlie deverbal nominalization. Such an account strongly demands a useful instead of merely structural procedure simply because nominalizations are primarily practical re-classifications of verbal predicates into nominal structures. The argument is fortyfied by way of a close dialogue of a couple of nominalization platforms (i.e. deverbal -er nominalizations, gerundive nominals and that-nominalizations). This publication is of curiosity to all researchers in cognitive and practical linguistics.

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Importantly, because not every element in a construction discharges a function in every metafunction or layer of structure, constructions cannot always be analyzed exhaustively in terms of all of the metafunctions (Halliday 1994: 35). , modal Adjuncts such as probably, certainly, actually). It is at the level of the clause that these metafunctional layers of organization are most clearly in evidence (Halliday 1979: 77). An example of a three-layered metafunctional analysis of a clause is given in Table 1: the first strand of analysis (consisting of the functions of Theme and Rheme) is that of the textual metafunction; the second layer is the interpersonal one (Complement-Subject-Finite-Predicator-Adjunct), and the third layer represents the experiential functions realized by the clause (Goal-RecipientProcess-Actor).

Interrogative: yes-no question) d. Open the door! (imperative: jussive) Between constructions such as those in (7a) and (7c), situated on the horizontal level of (8), there exists a proportional relation of agnation, which is confirmed by the enate constructions on the vertical axis: (8) You opened the door. She climbed the mountain. He washed the car. :: Did you open the door? Did she climb the mountain? Did he wash the car? The proportionality which these constructions show (indicated by '::') centres on their Subject-Finite unit: more particularly, in the paradigm in the left-hand column, the Subject precedes the finite verb, while in the para- 37 38 Theoretical assumptions digm on the right-hand side, it is the Finite that precedes the Subject.

John marched the prisoners Figure 3. An example of an ideational system network The non-enate status of the constructions John hit the ball and John marched the prisoners, and, consequently, of the categories 'goal-directed' and 'descriptive', is revealed through the different sets of agnates which they can be related to (Davidse 1998a: 293). The construction John marched the prisoners is part of the paradigm illustrated in (9): (9) a. John marched the prisoners. b. John made the prisoners march.

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